TIMELINE

TIMELINE

50,000 BC  Cave dwellers left date seeds along with evidence of pine nuts, walnuts, acorns, chestnuts in the Shanidar Cave located in Northern Iraq.

35,000 BC Fruits, nuts, roots were being gathered for food. No cultivation.

29,000 BC Paleolithic people in Central Europe cook mammoth and other animals in cooking pits.

12,000 BC  Einkorn may have been the first domesticated grain.

11,000 BC  Fig trees may have been domesticated.  Dried figs found in the lower Jordan Valley in Israel (2006) have been dated to about 11,400 BC.

10,000 BC  Goats domesticated in the Near East by this time; Crude forms of flatbread were being made; Emmer emerged as the 2nd domesticated grain, in Egypt.

9300 BC Evidence of systematic storage of wild grains discovered near the Dead Sea in Jordan. 1,000 to 2,000 years before cultivation of domesticated species.

9000 BC Sheep were domesticated.

8000 BC Pigs were domesticated in China.

7000 BC Apples possibly cultivated in southwestern Asia.

7000 BC  The Henan Northern China, scientists found fermented drink made of grapes, hawthorn berries, honey, and rice

6000 BC The earliest firm evidence of wine production dates back to Persia (then Iran and Georgia).

3000 BC Evidence of wine and beer and its production is found in Ancient Egypt hieroglyphics.

2700 BC History notes that Babylonians were very fond of beer mostly, but also wine.

2100 BC Sumerians use alcoholic drinks to the dying and depressed to help ease the mental pain, as is in The Bible, book of Proverbs 31:6-7: Let beer be for those who are perishing, wine for those who are in anguish!  Let them drink and forget their poverty and remember their misery no more.

2000 BC Alcoholic beverages are present in Pre-Hispanic Mexico, also known as Pre-Columbian and the best known is the Mayan Civilization which had a God of Intoxicating Spirits known as Acan. Most noteably, Balché is a type of wine brewed with honey.  The name of this drink also shares its name with the balché tree in which the bark of the tree is fermented in water together with honey from the indigenous bees.

1500 BC Alcoholic beverages are recorded in Sudan, Africa.

1800 Cocktails first appear as text in American books.

1900  Prohibition begins in USA and some other countries like Australia

1930s  With Prohibition in full swing, the culture of hidden, secret bars and nightclubs appear known as “speakeasys”

1933  Prohibition ends in USA

1945  Tiki, Polynesian and South Pacific Cocktails become popular after World War II

1950  Vodka becomes popular in the USA because of a cocktail known as the Moscow Mule

1970  Vodka sales dominate all other spirits in the USA

1980 Limes appear in Mexican beer and German Jaegermiester is all the rage. Soon after, electric blue cocktails made of curaçao become present. Sex on the Beach, Kamakazi and Long Island Ice Tea become the drinks to obtain maximum intoxication with the fastest results.

1990  Martini style cocktails like the sweeter Cosmopolitan and vodka dominate the market.

2010  Whiskey, Bourbon and Rye make a huge come back and is soon in short supply as prices escalate.

2015  Mexcal begins to make it on the shelf of liquor stores.  While most know Tequila, mezcal is the smokey cousin which no one knew of or didn’t care to.

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